For many of our routine, orthopedic, or dentistry procedures a certain amount of discomfort is an unfortunate consequence. As with human medicine, there have been significant advancements with pain management and control. Below are just a few of the many types of medications and treatments to keep our patients comfortable.
- Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Medications (NSAIDs): These are similar an excellent first line against pain and inflammation. We often give these as injections or as oral tablets to go home. Common types are Rimadyl, Deramaxx, and Previcox. While there are many effective human NSAIDs (Advil/Motrin, Aleve, and Aspirin), most of them can have toxic effects on dogs. Please ask your veterinarian before administering any over the counter medications.
- Local Anesthetics: Similar to us receiving Novocain at the dentist, often times we can stop or slow the transmission of pain during common procedures. Most often we will use these during dentistry or declaws.
- Opioids: These are the next step in pain control, which are usually only administered as injections during or after a procedure. Common types are buprenorphine, butorphanol, morphine and fentanyl. Because of their effects on the rest of the body and potential for human abuse they are closely regulated by the DEA.
- Tramadol: A unique medication with both opioid and serotonin effects, tramadol is often used in conjunction with an NSAID.
- Cold-Laser Therapy: A recent development in veterinary medicine, this new technology can be administered easily to an awake or sedated patient. The laser penetrates deep tissues to increase blood flow and decrease pain. We use this routinely with our orthopedic cases or any patient with chronic pain.
- Veterinary Orthopedic Manipulation (VOM):
For all of our patients, each one will require an individual evaluation to determine which one of these medications or procedures may help them stay comfortable. Feel free to contact us anytime with questions about pain management options for your pet.